labour movement

labour movement
A term applied descriptively to include all organizations representing workers who sell their effort in the labour-market. A labour movement may be divided heuristically into its industrial and political wings: the former consists of trade unions as well as other voluntary associations seeking narrowly defined economic objectives, such as higher wages, greater industrial democracy , or industrial education; the latter comprises one or more political parties attempting to influence or control state power on behalf of labour. Historically, labour movements have been very fragmented; there is a long-running theoretical debate about this because of the profound influence of Marxism and socialism within labour organizations. These have tended to view labour movements holistically, as embodying the organized working class or proletariat , thus implying an underlying momentum towards unity between the various elements. Even so, disagreement exists about revolutionary strategy, between syndicalist expectations of the working class seizing political control through organized industrial action alone, and the Leninist view that trade-union action must give way to political struggle. Students of the labour movement of a more conservative cast of mind have tended to reflect the outlook of Selig Perlman, a pioneer of labour-relations studies in the United States. Strongly influenced by the example of the American working class, Perlman claimed that labour movements embody what he called a communism of opportunity, expressing limited occupational and communal loyalties, rather than a communism of the intellectuals which sought to unify the whole working class. Certainly, in recent years, much greater attention has been given to the historical, cultural, and institutional diversity of the labour movements of different industrial societies (see, The Future of Labour Movements, 1992).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • labour movement — labour .movement n BrE labor movement AmE the labour movement the organizations, political parties etc that represent working people …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Labour movement — The term labour movement or labor movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and governments, in particular through the… …   Wikipedia

  • labour movement — BrE labor movement AmE noun the labour movement the political parties representing working people, and all other organizations which have the same beliefs and aims …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • labour movement — /ˈleɪbə muvmənt/ (say laybuh moohvmuhnt) noun the organised movement which seeks to better the condition of the working class by exercising industrial and political power. Also, labor movement …  

  • Australian labour movement — Infobox Union by Country country = Australia national = ACTU government = Australian Industrial Relations Commission legislation = Workplace Relations Act 1996 (2005) membership number = union percentage1 title = union percentage1 = union… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Independent Labour Movement — Movimiento Obrero Independiente y Revolucionario General Secretary Gustavo Triana Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Swedish labour movement — The labour movement in Sweden dates back to at least the 1850 s, when Swedish workers initiated the organizing of previously spontaneous food riots into strikes, hence acting as an autonomous group. [Olsson Ekdahl (2002), p. 13] Modern types av… …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Labour Movement — The Democratic Labour Movement was a political party in Guyana. It first contested national elections in 1985, when it received only 0.7% of the vote and failed to win a seat.[1] In the 1992 elections its share of the vote dropped to 0.5% and it… …   Wikipedia

  • (the) labour movement — the labour movement UK US noun the political and other organizations such as trade unions whose aim is to improve conditions for workers movement the.htm Thesaurus: labour organizations… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Information Committee of the Labour Movement against Norwegian membership in the European Community — (in Norwegian: Arbeiderbevegelsens informasjonskomité mot norsk medlemskap i EF , abbreviated AIK) was an internal organized opposition within the Norwegian Labour Party. AIK was founded in January 1972, ahead of the plebiscite on joining the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”